Correlation coefficients have been very first determined ranging from all measurements. Next a couple hierarchical linear designs was performed to on their own learn brand new mediating effect of narcissism and FNE in the relationships between subjective social classification and you may dishonesty. For both designs, a great bootstrap data was also did to look at the black singles significance of both indirect outcomes.
The fresh new intercorrelations and descriptive analytics regarding subjective societal category, narcissism, FNE, and you can dishonesty receive during the Dining table 1. We receive a critical positive correlation between subjective personal group and you will dishonesty and you can a life threatening confident relationship ranging from subjective social classification and you will narcissism. However, new relationship ranging from personal public group and you can FNE was not significant.
An independent-examples t-take to are performed to examine potential gender variations in all dimensions. Results indicated that men said large score into the narcissism and dishonesty than lady, however, there were no sex variations having personal societal class and you may FNE (Desk 2).
Mediation study away from narcissism
To examine the mediating effect of narcissism on the relationship between subjective social class and dishonesty, three regression analyses were conducted (see Fig 1). In all analyses, gender and age were included as control variables. In step one, subjective social class significantly and positively predicted dishonesty, ? = 0.12, t = 2.40, p = .017; in step two, subjective social class significantly and positively predicted narcissism, ? = 0.25, t = 5.08, p < .001; and in step three, after adding subjective social class and narcissism into the regression, results showed that narcissism still significantly and positively predicted dishonesty, ? = 0.57, t = , p < .001, but the effect of subjective social class on dishonesty was not significant, ? = -0.02, t = -0.48, p = .633. A bootstrap analysis (5,000 bootstrapping samples) found that the indirect effect was 0.11, SE = 0.03, 95% confidence intervals (CI) = [0.05, 0.16]. Because the 95% CI did not include zero, this suggests that the relationship between subjective social class and dishonesty was completely mediated by narcissism.
Mediation study from FNE
Although the correlation between subjective social class and FNE was not significant, we also examined the mediating effect of FNE on the relationship between subjective social class and dishonesty. As in the previous analysis, subjective social class significantly and positively predicted dishonesty, but not FNE, ? = -0.06, t = -1.27, p = .206. Finally, when both subjective social class and FNE were added into the regression, the predicting effect of FNE was significant, ? = -0.41, t = -8.88, p < .001, and the predicting effect of subjective social class was still significant, ? = 0.09, t = 2.05, p = .041. However, the bootstrap analysis (5,000 bootstrapping samples) found that the indirect effect was 0.02, SE = 0.02, 95% CI = [-0.01, 0.05]. Because the 95% CI included zero, this suggests that the relationship between subjective social class and dishonesty was not mediated by FNE.
Moderating research from sex
So you can glance at new moderating effect of gender on the relationship ranging from subjective social classification and you will dishonesty, i submitted subjective public class, intercourse, and you may equipment of societal category and you will sex so you’re able to a beneficial linear regression research with dishonesty just like the centered changeable. Efficiency revealed that brand new moderating effectation of gender was not extreme, ? = 0.06, t = 1.15, p = .251. A similar studies is actually performed to examine the new moderating effect of sex into dating between subjective personal class and you may narcissism and was still not very much, ? = -0.003, t = -0.06, p = .954.
Based on the efficiency, Hypothesis step 1 was offered in that participants’ personal societal classification undoubtedly predict the shady inclinations. So it seeking was in line with earlier degree one mentioned real shady practices from inside the real world or lab activities [nine, 10]. FNE are counted to look at brand new overlooking negative effects hypothesis, and narcissism try mentioned to examine the newest care about-centered theory. No matter if both FNE and you can narcissism was in fact significantly for the interest become dishonest, i receive a serious mediating effect only for narcissism. That is to say, Hypothesis 3 while the self-concentrated hypothesis had been offered. Narcissism is regarded as an indicator of mind-desire, and other people with high narcissism will manage by themselves than just to your someone else [30, 33, 40]. It’s realistic to take a position you to definitely high personal personal group anyone much more mind-focused and therefore they set far more energy into the pursuing notice-hobbies. Hence, those with high personal public group behavior dishonesty if this helps their self-passion, but not otherwise. This could describe why high public classification some body behavior faster prosocial habits and you can prosocial lies [nine, 22]. Once the early in the day degree unearthed that guys are more shady and you can narcissistic than lady [4, 44], you can believe gender may also make up the newest mediating character of narcissism regarding the dating between subjective social category and you will dishonesty. Yet not, it need are going to be omitted considering our analyses. While we discover extreme intercourse differences in narcissism and you can dishonesty, the fresh new gender variations in personal societal classification therefore the moderating impression from gender were not tall. For this reason, we feel you to gender variations do not deteriorate new mind-centered hypothesis.